Nickel

Submitted by webmaster on Wed, 10/20/2021 - 13:54
Nickel

Specification

Nickel is silvery-white. hard, malleable, and ductile metal. It is of the iron group and it takes on a high polish. It is a fairly good conductor of heat and electricity. In its familiar compounds nickel is bivalent, although it assumes other valences. It also forms a number of complex compounds. Most nickel compounds are blue or green. Nickel dissolves slowly in dilute acids but, like iron, becomes passive when treated with nitric acid. Finely divided nickel adsorbs hydrogen.

Nickel is easy to work and can be drawn into wire. It resists corrosion even at high temperatures and for this reason it is used in gas turbines and rocket engines. Monel is an alloy of nickel and copper (e.g. 70% nickel, 30% copper with traces of iron, manganese and silicon), which is not only hard but can resist corrosion by sea water, so that it is ideal for propeller shaft in boats and desalination plants.

 

Application

  • Preparation of alloys which are characterized by strength, ductility, and resistance to corrosion and heat
  • It is used to make stainless steel (About 65 % of the nickel consumed in the Western World)
  • Super alloys (12 % of all the nickel consumed)
  • alloy steels, rechargeable batteries, catalysts and other chemicals, coinage, foundry products, and plating (the remaining 23% of consumption)